CBD Glossary

Buying CBD for the first time can be a bit overwhelming. We composed a list of all the terms you will need to be an informed buyer. Our CBD Glossary is grouped into 3 categories: basics, science, and industry.

Basics

CBD (Cannabidiol) – Non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis. CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid behind THC.

THC – The cannabinoid that gets you high. Side-effects include altered senses, altered sense of time, changes in mood, impaired body movement, difficulty with thinking/problem solving, impaired memory, hallucinations, delusions, psychosis, increased appetite, and short-term memory loss.

Hemp – Cannabis containing not more than 0.3% THC.

Topical – Applying directly to body part. CBD lotion, pain relief creams are considered topicals.

Hemp seed oil – Oil obtained from hemp seeds. While hemp seed oil is extremely healthy, it does not contain any cannabinoids. 

Concentration – The amount of CBD in the CBD product. The industry standard for measurement is milligrams. The typical range is from 300mg to 1500mgs.

2018 Farm Bill – Every 5 years Congress passes a ‘Farm Bill.’ This sets agriculture, nutrition, conservation, and forestry policy. In 2018, hemp was given the definition of cannabis containing not more than 0.3% THC and taken off the controlled substances list.

Industrial Hemp – Cannabis plants grown to be used for purposes other than extracts. Industrial hemp is used for paper, rope, textiles, hempcrete, textiles, ect.

Science

Cannabinoid – The ~100 known chemical compounds that make up the cannabis plant. Including THC, CBD, CBN, CBG

Endocannabinoid System – The creation of endocannabinoids and mediation of cannabinoid receptors existing in our bodies.  

Endocannabinoids – Cannabinoids that naturally occur inside our bodies. Anandamide and 2-Arachidonoylglycerol are both endocannabinoids.

CB1 Receptor – Cannabinoid receptor predominantly found in the central nervous system.

CB2 Receptor – Cannabinoid receptor thought to be predominantly found in the immune system.

Anandamide –Naturally occurring endocannabinoid that interacts with cannabinoid receptors. Anandamide is over produced when THC is consumed, this causes the positive and negative side-effects associated with marijuana. CBD works the opposite way THC does, when CBD is consumed it maintains the body’s anandamide levels.

Entourage effect – The synergy of all the cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis working together to achieve maximum benefits.

Flavonoids – Chemical compounds found in plants that are believed to have antioxidant properties.

Terpenes – Compounds found in plants responsible for their smell and as a deterrent from predators. Studies suggest that terpenes have medicinal benefits when used orally, topically, and even by smell.

Industry

CBD IsolatePure CBD in powder or crystalline form. Absent of all other aspects of the extracted cannabis plant.

Full spectrum – Full plant extract. The extract produced will contain all cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in the cannabis plant.

Broad spectrum – Full plant cannabis extraction that doesn’t contain any THC.

CO2 Extracted – Extraction method using carbon dioxide and pressure to separate the chemical compound from the plant.

Solvent extraction – Extraction process using hydrocarbons(naphtha, petroleum, butane, or propane) or natural solvents(ethanol).  

COACertificate of Analysis. When a cannabis product is tested the lab will provide a COA for what they found in the product.

MCT oil – Medium-Chain triglycerides. Fats that are found in foods like coconut oil. Often used in CBD oil.

SOURCES

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